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Types of Biofuels – Production, Uses & Advantages

Biofuels is a term used for any fuel that is derived from plants or animals which is also known as Biomass. Biofuels are a sustainable alternative to petroleum-based fuels. The advantages of biofuels are countless and one of the top advantages of biofuel is that it can be produced in a short span. Yes, Biofuels can be produced in a short span by using the living components while the formation of fossil fuels such as oil and coal is extremely slow.

Biofuels can be obtained from various sources such as agricultural, industrial, and domestic waste.

Global demand for Biofuels is tremendous. One of the main reasons for the upswing of Biofuels is a spike in oil prices and policies that intend to reduce gas emissions. Also, with changes in climate people are more conscious of making the world healthier. This reason also adds up to the growth of biofuels in the world.

How are biofuels produced?

Biofuels are often produced by breaking down sugar and starches from the plants, fermentation, chemical reactions, and much more. Most traditional biofuels such as Ethanol are produced from agricultural crop materials like sugarcane, corn, wheat, etc.

What are the uses of Biofuels?

Biofuels are used for various reasons such as heating purposes, aviation, transportation, energy generation, domestic purposes, etc.

Various types of biofuels are :

1) Ethanol – Ethanol is a renewable fuel that is made from plant starches and sugar. Ethanol is an alcohol used as a blending agent with gasoline to increase octane and tone down carbon monoxide and other toxic emissions.

2) Biodiesel Biodiesel is a renewable and biodegradable fuel produced from animal fats, recycled restaurant grease, vegetable oils, etc. Biodiesel has many advantages from improving air quality to providing safety benefits.

3) Biogas – Biogas is a blend of gases such as carbon dioxide, methane, and hydrogen sulphide. Biogas is predominantly produced from raw materials such as manure, green waste, food waste, agricultural waste, etc.

Advantages of Biofuels

Biofuels are compassionate to the environment as it doesn’t release hazardous components. Biofuels are biodegradable and safe to produce, unlike Fossil fuels which comprise activities like drilling and mining.

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